Three Types of Neurofibromatosis
Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is often diagnosed by birth or early childhood. The first signs may be light brown spots on the skin or freckles in the armpit. Later issues may include optic nerve tumors and peripheral nerve tumors. Children with NF1 may also experience migraines, learning disabilities, attention problems, and seizures.
Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2) is less common and more likely to be diagnosed in early adulthood. Tumors almost always form along the nerve that is responsible for hearing and balance, which can cause difficulty hearing and loss of balance. Additional tumors can form in the brain and along the spine, causing headaches, sensory problems, and muscle weakness.
Schwannomatosis is rare and is usually diagnosed in young adults. It is similar to NF2 in that tumors can form along nerves throughout the body, but it generally does not affect hearing or balance.
Children and adults with these types of neurofibromatosis require ongoing monitoring and treatments from multiple specialists. For your convenience, we coordinate your care to take place during the same visit, in the same place, whenever possible.