Spasmodic dysphonia causes involuntary spasms of the vocal cords (also known as vocal folds). It can make your voice sound hoarse, jerky, quivering, strangled, tight, or breathy, sometimes to the point where it is difficult to speak. The vocal spasms are due to a faulty connection between a nerve and the muscle that controls your larynx (voice box).
There are two types of spasmodic dysphonia. Some people have characteristics of both.
- Abductor spasmodic dysphonia occurs when the vocal cords spasm open, which results in a breathy voice that can sound like a whisper.
- Adductor spasmodic dysphonia occurs when the vocal cords spasm shut, which causes a strained and strangled voice.
While there is currently no cure, our laryngologists and speech pathologists can offer a combination of proven treatments and voice therapy to alleviate and manage your symptoms.