Hearing that your child may have vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) can be frightening. It’s a complicated name for when urine flows in the wrong direction: from the bladder up the ureters and toward the kidneys, instead of down and out of the body. VUR is usually a birth defect that is most often found in children age two and younger, although it can occur in children of all ages.

At Duke, our pediatric urology team take a step-by-step approach to make sure your child gets the right treatment with the least long-term impact.