Pediatric Ophthalmology

Pediatric Ophthalmology

Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Eye Diseases

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Identifying childhood eye and vision problems early is often the best way to preserve or restore vision. This applies to common pediatric eye conditions -- such as refractive error requiring eyeglasses, amblyopia (or lazy eye), and strabismus (eyes that are not straight) -- as well as serious eye conditions such as childhood cataract, glaucoma, retinopathy of prematurity, and an eye tumor called retinoblastoma. Pediatric eye specialists at the nationally ranked Duke Eye Center use the latest advances in pediatric ophthalmology to optimize your child’s vision and eye health. 

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Our Locations
Duke Health offers locations throughout the Triangle. Find one near you.

Why Your Child Should See a Pediatric Eye Doctor

Children may experience some of the same eye problems found in adults; however, their care is often quite different. They may be too young to explain their symptoms or to sit patiently for exams. They benefit from being seen by eye doctors who are experienced in evaluating and caring for infants and children, and who use advanced diagnostic, medical, and surgical techniques. 

Many childhood eye conditions can be treated without surgery, and often interventions are as simple as wearing eyeglasses or an eye patch or using eye drops. However, if childhood glaucoma, cataract, retinoblastoma, or another serious pediatric eye disease is detected and medical intervention or surgery is needed, your child will receive care at Duke from respected leaders in pediatric ophthalmology. Our doctors train physicians to become pediatric eye surgeons, lecture worldwide on the latest advances in pediatric eye care, and engage in research to develop new and better treatments that are followed around the world.

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Access to a Wide Range of Pediatric Eye Specialists

At Duke, your child has access to a wide range of eye specialists including:

  • Ophthalmologists trained in the medical and surgical management of childhood eye conditions including glaucoma, cataracts, and prematurity-related eye problems
  • Pediatric optometrists who perform regular eye exams using the latest diagnostic equipment to assess your child’s vision and eye health and prescribe corrective lenses as needed
  • Strabismus surgeons and pediatric ophthalmologists who manage complicated eye muscle problems
  • Neuro-ophthalmologists who are experts in eye conditions that relate to or result from neurologic problems
  • Cornea specialists who manage vision-threatening corneal conditions
  • Vitreoretinal specialists who have the training, skills, and resources to treat children with complex retinal and optic nerve diseases that affect vision
  • Oculoplastic surgeons who can perform surgery on the face, eyes, tear system, and facial structures surrounding the eye to improve your child’s appearance following cancer, trauma, or congenital defects
Best Eye Hospital in NC
When it comes to your care, you want the very best. Duke University Hospital’s ophthalmology program is ranked seventh in the nation and best in North Carolina by U.S. News & World Report for 2019–2020.

Specialized Services for Pediatric Eye Diseases

Child-Friendly Center
Children often become anxious or impatient while waiting to see the doctor. Our child-friendly waiting room and clinical spaces are equipped with movies, books, and toys, as well as space to move around. The environment is designed to reduce stress for the whole family.

Coordinated Care for Maximum Convenience
Our pediatric ophthalmologists, optometrists, and orthoptists work closely together, and with other pediatric specialists at Duke, to manage your child’s eye care. If your child requires multiple visits for different eye disorders, we make every effort to coordinate your child's care and maximize your convenience.

Supportive Environment
We offer patient support services, including educational materials and programs and a vision rehabilitation program, and have a social worker who can help your family cope with and manage your child’s condition.

Nationally Renowned Specialized Services
People come from great distances to see our pediatric experts. Our children’s retina and optic nerve program is among just a handful of similar programs in the U.S.

Training and Experience Caring for Children
Our skilled surgeons work closely with pediatric anesthesiologists who have specialized training and experience caring for children during surgery. We are fully equipped to care for and treat complex eye problems, including eye-muscle, corneal, and retinal diseases as well as glaucoma in children.

Latest Retinal Imaging Devices
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) offers 3-D views of the eye’s internal structures. Our researchers are pioneering new uses for OCT, including ways to better understand -- and hopefully to prevent -- blindness in premature babies with retinopathy of prematurity. Our OCT work allows us to more accurately diagnose other childhood retinal and optic nerve conditions and to recommend the most appropriate treatment.

Access to New Therapies
Your child may be eligible to participate in clinical trials to test new therapies for childhood eye disorders such as amblyopia and strabismus, cataracts, retinopathy of prematurity, and glaucoma. Our research, education, and technology development programs enable our doctors to offer you access to the latest breakthroughs in eye care.