Your doctor will develop a treatment plan for your eye cancer based on the type of cancer, the size of the tumor, and the stage of your condition.
Drugs that kill cancer cells may be injected directly into the eye or the veins, or taken by mouth.
High-energy X-rays target cancer cells and halt or slow their growth. We use dose-modulation techniques to limit the complications of radiation therapy in the eye.
A radiation source is placed directly onto the eye to reduce exposure to the rest of the body. This treatment is highly effective in treating malignant eye cancers, avoiding radiation exposure to the brain or other organs.
External Beam Radiation Therapy
Treats wider areas in and around the eyeball and face.
Highly focused beams of light destroy abnormal cells in the eyes. Two types include:
- Transpupillary thermotherapy: When melanoma of the eye is present, an infrared light may be used to kill the tumor.
- Laser photocoagulation: May be used to treat side effects of eye cancer treatments.
Liquid nitrogen freezes and kills tumor cells to stop cancer growth.
Removes part of the eye affected by tumor growth.
In some cases, it may be necessary to remove the entire eye. Reconstructive surgery to preserve function and appearance may be necessary.
A type of retinal surgery to treat damage, such as bleeding or retinal detachment, caused by eye cancer or treatments for eye cancers. The procedure involves removing diseased scar tissue from the middle of the eye (the vitreous gel) to restore or improve sight. Using this advanced surgical technique, our eye cancer surgeons can help obtain small sample biopsies and treat complications of radiation treatment.
Medications that block the creation of abnormal cells in the eye, or help limit the side effects of treatment and maintain vision, may also be prescribed.