Diseases of the retina -- the light-sensitive tissue at the back of your eye that sends information about what you're seeing to your brain -- can affect infants through adolescents in many different ways. Various developmental, genetic, or inflammatory factors may result in retinal disease in newborns and children. Accidental or sports-related trauma is another cause for retinal injury in children. Severity and management of these issues varies widely, which is why a comprehensive diagnosis and expert management is crucial to minimizing the impact these diseases have on your child’s vision. Retinal diseases in children include the following.
Retinopathy of Prematurity
Affects premature babies. It causes moderate to severe abnormal blood vessel growth in the retina that may require laser treatments, eye injections, or surgery.
Occurs when the retina detaches from the back of the eye. It may result from trauma or ocular developmental disease.
Juvenile Macular Degeneration
An inherited disorder in which the macula, the part of the retina responsible for central vision, breaks down. The most common form is Stargardt disease.
An eye cancer that begins in the retina, typically in young children.
A complex condition that can cause chronic inflammation in the front, middle, or back of the eye.