Your risk evaluation includes an initial health assessment and a review of your personal and family history of heart disease. We’ll continue to periodically assess your heart health and related risk factors with the following tests.
We monitor your weight, BMI (body mass index), blood pressure, and waist circumference. Too much abdominal fat indicates a higher risk for type 2 diabetes and other heart disease risk factors.
Blood tests measure your cholesterol profile, which includes triglycerides and other fats in your blood that can affect your heart. Your cardiologist may request a more detailed lipid protein profile to gather more information about your risk. Glucose levels and hemoglobin A1c may be checked for diabetes or pre-diabetes. Thyroid function and other tests look for related endocrine issues. Special testing for inflammation markers such as C-reactive protein may also be part of your cardiovascular workup.
Imaging studies help assess your risk for heart events or your need for catheterization or surgery. Your cardiologists can also review imaging tests done at other facilities. These may include:
- Echocardiograms -- a type of ultrasound that shows how your heart is working
- Nuclear imaging -- a picture of heart function and structure, which are highlighted with a radioactive dye that is administered via IV
- Coronary calcium imaging -- an X-ray that detects dangerous plaque in the heart and its arteries
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing
This specialized metabolic exercise test accurately measures your cardiorespiratory fitness level, which is an important measure of your overall health and risk for heart disease. The test can also be used to determine precise and personalized exercise prescriptions to optimize your health. During this test, you’ll exercise on a stationary bike while doctors monitor your vitals.
We review the behaviors that affect your heart health -- such as smoking, exercise, psychological stress, and eating habits -- and work with you to create personalized treatment plans designed to improve your health and reduce your risk.