Thyroid Disorders in Children

Underactive Thyroid, Overactive Thyroid, and Other Thyroid Conditions

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The thyroid gland makes hormones that control metabolism, heart rate, body temperature, and other body functions. When it ;doesn’t work properly, children are at risk for delayed brain development, growth problems, weight problems, and early or delayed puberty. These long-term complications can be avoided when children are treated by specialists with a deep understanding of thyroid hormones. Duke’s pediatric endocrinologists manage thyroid disorders in children, including the most challenging thyroid conditions, such as indeterminate thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. We also evaluate and monitor children who have rare genetic conditions that increase their risks for thyroid cancer.