COVID-19 Vaccine and Pregnancy

Planning a Pregnancy, Pregnant or Breastfeeding

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If you haven’t already, experts strongly encourage you to be vaccinated against COVID-19 as soon as possible. The vaccines have proven safe for people planning a pregnancy, during pregnancy, and when breastfeeding. 

COVID-19 vaccines will protect you from COVID-19 disease, most importantly, severe illness and death. If the vaccine requires two doses, you must get both doses to experience maximum effect.

Talk to your doctor if you have questions or concerns. They can help you make a decision about whether getting vaccinated is right for you.

Learn More About the COVID-19 Vaccine

Get answers to your questions about the COVID-19 vaccines.

It Is Safe to Get the COVID-19 Vaccine When Planning a Pregnancy

COVID-19 Vaccines Do Not Affect Fertility
There is no evidence to suggest the vaccine will impact a man's or woman's ability to have a baby. They do not make you infertile. 

It Is Safe to Get the COVID-19 Vaccine While Pregnant

COVID-19 Vaccines Are Safe for Pregnant People
Hundreds of thousands of pregnant people have received the COVID-19 vaccines. Whether they were vaccinated in the first trimester or later in their pregnancy, there have been no reports of increased risks of pregnancy loss, growth problems, or birth defects.

COVID-19 Vaccines Transfer Protective Antibodies to Your Baby Through the Placenta
The antibodies may protect your baby from COVID-19 and lower their risk for serious illness and death.

Getting COVID-19 During Pregnancy Can Be Very Serious
Without the vaccine, pregnant people are at high risk of getting very sick if they get COVID-19. They are more likely to:

  • experience preterm birth.
  • develop serious complications, especially if they have other health conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity.
  • be hospitalized, need intensive care, and require special equipment to breathe.
  • die.

COVID-19 Vaccines Are Safe for Breastfeeding People

COVID-19 Vaccines Are Safe for People Who Are Breastfeeding and their Babies
There is no reason for breastfeeding people to be concerned about the safety of the vaccine for themselves or their babies.

It’s Safe to Receive a COVID-19 Booster Vaccine

If you received a COVID-19 vaccine before or during pregnancy, or you were vaccinated up to six weeks after giving birth, you can request a booster dose when eligible.

  • Schedule a booster if you received the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine at least six months ago.
  • If you received the single-shot Johnson & Johnson (J&J) vaccine two or more months ago, we recommend you get a Pfizer or Moderna booster. J&J boosters are also available upon request.
This page was medically reviewed on 08/16/2021