Esophageal dysphagia typically results from a motility disorder or a physical obstruction that prevents food and drink from passing easily through the esophagus. Motility disorders and obstructions that lead to esophageal dysphagia include:

  • A narrowing of the esophagus (strictures)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE)
  • Achalasia or other motility disorders such as Jackhammer esophagus
  • A benign or cancerous growth or blockage
  • Zenker’s diverticulum

Esophageal dysphagia is diagnosed with a variety of tests, and can often be alleviated with minimally invasive surgical or endoscopic procedures.