Pediatric Lipid Disorders

Pediatric Lipid Disorders

Care for Children with High Blood Cholesterol or Fats

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Children with high levels of cholesterol or other fats in their blood cannot be treated like small adults; they need a different approach that considers their growing bodies. Our pediatric endocrinologists treat children with lipid disorders. We design a personalized treatment plan that incorporates healthy eating, exercise, and lifestyle changes to ensure your child’s optimal health and well-being.

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Pediatric Lipid Disorders We Treat

We treat all types of lipid disorders in children, including:

  • High cholesterol, or hypercholesterolemia (high blood levels of cholesterol)
  • High triglycerides, or hypertriglyceridemia (high blood levels of triglycerides, a type of fat)
  • Lipid abnormalities associated with diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome (a combination of high blood pressure, elevated blood sugar, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and abdominal fat)
  • Children with family history of early cardiovascular disease such as heart attacks or strokes
Our Locations
Duke Health offers locations throughout the Triangle. Find one near you.

Care Process

Your child’s treatment will depend on their family health history, age, and specific health considerations.


Your child’s endocrinologist will learn about your child’s family health history, perform a physical exam, and do blood tests to evaluate your child’s health. If blood tests show your child’s condition is the result of an inherited condition, we’ll bring in a genetic counselor to discuss how this affects your family and whether additional screening is necessary. If your child’s condition affects their heart or kidneys, the pediatric endocrinologist will work closely with a pediatric cardiologist or nephrologist. The initial evaluation will help your pediatric endocrinologist customize treatment and services to match your child’s needs. And, our team approach ensures your child gets complete care.

Diet and Exercise

You and your child will work with dietitians, exercise specialists, and other child nutrition and obesity experts to learn how to eat well and exercise -- habits that will improve your child’s health now and in the future. You’ll both learn about nutrition, fitness, and lifestyle habits that can help you lead a healthy life. Lifestyle changes affect the entire family, so we make sure everyone has the information they need to make wise decisions and adopt healthy behaviors.  


Our pediatric endocrinologists will assess carefully your child’s long-term risks of heart disease and, with your active participation, will determine if medications might be useful for treating the lipid disorder. The risks and benefits of each medication will be reviewed during the clinic visit, and plans will be made to monitor your child for any potential adverse effects of the drug(s).

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Leading Care for Children with Lipid Disorders

Specialized Care
Duke Children’s is the only hospital in the North Carolina region to offer specialized care for children’s lipid disorders. 

A Team of Specialists
Our pediatric endocrinologists evaluate your child’s overall health and work with pediatricians and other specialists -- such as heart or kidney doctors -- as needed to give your child complete care. Your child’s endocrinologist works closely with dietitians and specialists in childhood obesity and exercise to design your child’s treatment plan.

Access to the Latest Treatments and Research
Your child has access to the latest treatments. Our pediatric endocrinologists are also researchers who are dedicated to improving care for children with lipid conditions. They have extensive experience in childhood obesity, pediatric endocrine disorders, and nutrition. That means your child receives attention from doctors who are on the leading edge of medicine for children with high levels of blood fats or cholesterol. 

Best Children's Hospital in NC
In addition to being among the best in the country, Duke Children's Hospital & Health Center is proud to be nationally ranked in nine pediatric specialties.