What Is Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes, also called juvenile diabetes, occurs when the body’s immune system destroys cells in the pancreas that create insulin. Insulin is a hormone that takes sugar (known as glucose) from your bloodstream and delivers it into your cells to be used for energy. Without insulin, your blood sugar levels remain high -- which can lead to serious health complications over time.
Because their bodies don’t make insulin, children with type 1 diabetes must get insulin from multiple daily injections or an insulin pump. They also must test their blood sugar levels throughout the day and pay special attention to diet and exercise.
Managing your child’s type 1 diabetes can sometimes seem overwhelming. The Duke Children’s diabetes care team can help you overcome these challenges. We offer expert medical guidance and give you and your child information, support, and encouragement to manage and live well with diabetes.