Pointy-toed, high heels aren’t just a fashion statement. They are the main reason why more women than men experience bunions. Shoes that are too tight, too narrow, too high or just ill fitting can reposition the joint at the base of the big toe, says Karl Schweitzer, MD, an orthopaedic surgeon at Duke. The result: a bony protruding bunion.
For some, bunions are simply unattractive. For others, however, they are downright painful. The skin becomes red, irritated, and swollen. Painful arthritis can develop, as well as bursitis, hammertoes, pain and swelling in the ball of your foot.
Seeking surgery because you don’t like how your foot looks isn’t recommended. While some doctors do it, the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society strongly discourage cosmetic foot surgery.
Bunion surgery should be considered when the pain impacts your ability to walk and wear normal-fitting shoes, and only after you’ve tried nonsurgical methods for three to six months, says Schweitzer.
Changing to wider, more comfortable shoes, padding or taping your foot to reduce stress on the bunion, over the counter pain relievers, shoe inserts, and icing your foot may be recommended to reduce pain and swelling
If these methods fail, surgery may be your only option for relief.
“People understandably get confused when they go on the Internet and see dozens of bunion procedures,” says Schweitzer. “There are many variables that go into selecting the right bunion surgery. We consider the source of the pain, other symptoms, related conditions, and the severity of the deformity.”
During surgery, foot and ankle specialists like Schweitzer may do one or all of the following: correct abnormal angulation and rotation of the big toe; remove bone and swollen tissue; rebalance ligaments and tendons; and in severe cases, fuse a joint.
“Generally patients are not back in regular shoes until at least six to eight weeks,” says Schweitzer. Complete recuperation can take at least four months.
Because of the long journey from deciding to have bunion surgery through full recovery, it’s important that you choose a surgeon you feel confident with, trust, and respect. “This isn’t necessarily a simple procedure,” he says. “We like to see patients on a frequent basis after bunion surgery to make sure they are maintaining the correction we established at the time of surgery. Even in the best of hands, bunion surgery is not perfect, and issues can arise after surgery. My goal is to address any problems that may arise and work with the patient to assure an excellent outcome.”
Bunions can also recur despite the surgeon’s best efforts.
“Bunion surgery tends to get a bad rap because a lot of bad surgeries are done for the wrong reasons, or the wrong surgery is done,” says Schweitzer. “If the right surgery is done for the right reason, the patient can expect a good outcome. You just have to be in the right hands.”