Myeloproliferative disorders

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Duke’s blood cancer specialists use the latest medical advances to detect and treat a group of blood cancers called myeloproliferative disorders. Our advanced training and experience ensures we diagnose your condition early, and provide you with the best possible care. While there is no cure, proper treatment increases the likelihood that you will live for many years with myeloproliferative disorders, and experience few complications. We develop a personalized treatment plan to control your condition, minimize painful symptoms and improve your quality of life.

Leading care for blood cancers

Myeloproliferative disorders, also called myeloproliferative neoplasms, are caused by the overproduction of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in the bone marrow. They include polycythemia vera (too many red blood cells), essential thrombocytosis (too many platelets, the blood cells that help the blood clot), myelofibrosis (excessive collagen or fibrous tissue in the bone marrow that interferes with blood cell production) and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), an increased production of white blood cells in the bone marrow. Each of these diseases may have overlapping diagnostic criteria, which is why it’s important for one of our experienced specialists to evaluate your condition.

As a National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center, we offer a level of expertise that can only be found in the top four percent of cancer centers in the country. We treat nearly 1,000 people annually with blood cancers, more than any other medical center in North Carolina. Our experienced doctors are skilled in diagnosing myeloproliferative disorders, and developing a treatment plan designed to give you the best possible outcome.

Choose Duke for your blood cancer treatment because we:

  • Top ranked care. We are among the top cancer programs in the nation, according to U.S. News & World Report. We are also part of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN), an alliance of the nation’s leading cancer centers dedicated to improving patient care.
  • Quick genetic testing results. Myeloproliferative disorders may be associated with certain genetic mutations.  Identifying these genetic irregularities is key to getting an accurate diagnosis. Our specialized molecular diagnostic lab can perform genetic testing and provide results within 24 to 48 hours so that you may begin treatment immediately.
  • Research advances. Our doctors investigate new therapies, including targeted agents and stem cell transplants, to treat myeloproliferative disorders. You may benefit from their research before it becomes widely available.
  • A team of specialists. Our blood cancer medical team includes specialists from hematology-oncology, hematopathology, cytogenetics, molecular diagnostics and adult bone marrow transplant who meet regularly to discuss your condition, collect opinions, and offer coordinated and advanced medical and follow-up care. 
  • A caring environment. You will have access to our comprehensive cancer support services. They can help you understand treatment options, manage the side effects of your treatment, and help you and your family cope with the emotional effects of your diagnosis and treatment. View all of our cancer support groups in our event calendar.  
  • A whole body approach. Our clinical social worker is available to help you cope with the emotional and psychological stress of your disease, as well as other medical or environmental concerns. You may also utilize our services focusing on nutrition, guided imagery, anxiety control, and meditation. Our cancer survivorship clinic pulls together a range of resources to help you after your treatment ends.


While there is no known cure for myeloproliferative disorders, many effective treatment options are available. Your personalized care plan will depend on type of disorder you have, your symptoms and other factors. Treatment options may include:


Myeloproliferative disorders may be difficult to diagnose because their symptoms often resemble other conditions. They increase your risk of stroke and heart attack, and may cause an enlarged spleen. Our doctors make an accurate diagnosis to ensure your condition is managed effectively.

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