While surgery is the most common treatment for colon cancer, the type of surgery you need depends on the location and size of the tumor, and whether cancer has spread. Whenever possible, our surgeons use a minimally invasive surgical approach that results in less scarring, reduced pain and infection risk, shorter hospital stays, and quicker recovery.
Partial Colectomy or Total Abdominal Colectomy
Removes the area of the colon where the cancer is, as well as surrounding tissue. If appropriate, lymph nodes may be removed to determine if cancer has spread. A total abdominal colectomy may be performed in people with cancers that run in their families, with numerous polyps, or whose cancer has recurred.
Endoscopic Mucosal Resection
Endoscopic procedures are performed through an endoscope, a flexible tube used to reach your GI tract. An electrical device is passed through the tube to cut and remove early-stage cancers, precancerous growths, and surrounding tissue from the GI lining. Tumors that have penetrated deeper layers of the GI wall can be removed through different but similar procedures called endoscopic submucosal dissection or endoscopic full-thickness resection.
Endoluminal Stent Placement
An expanding metal scaffolding device called a stent may be inserted into the colon through a small, lighted endoscope to clear a blockage created by a tumor.
Slows or kills tumor growth. Sometimes recommended after surgery if recurrence risk is high, and if cancer has spread to lymph nodes or beyond.
Bevacizumab (Avastin) and other targeted therapies block a protein called vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Blocking this protein cuts off the supply of blood and nutrients that let tumors grow and survive.