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Published: May 29, 2007
Updated: June 30, 2010
Other popular diet approaches to managing obesity include:
A special weight loss program called Protein Sparing Modified Fast was introduced in the late 1970s by George Blackburn and co-workers at the New England Deaconess Hospital in Boston.
This program consists of a special low carbohydrate, low fat, high protein diet designed to protect body protein mass while selectively using body fat as an energy source. It is supplemented with extra vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes.
A weight loss of between two and three pounds a week has been observed. Compliance with the diet is problematic due to the unpalatability of the restricted diet. Regaining weight is the rule if the diet is discontinued.
Commercial variants of the protein sparing modified fast diet program have become quite popular. It has gone under such names as Stillmans' Quick Weight Loss Diet, The Scarsdale Medical Diet, Atkins' Weight Loss Revolution, and the more recent Sugar Busters, Enter the Zone, Atkins' New Diet Revolution, and Protein Power diets. These diets fall into two main groups: very-low-carbohydrate (10 to 15 percent of calories from carbohydrates), or moderate-carbohydrate diets (40 percent of calories as carbohydrates).
Unfortunately, none of these diets have demonstrated long-term maintenance of weight loss.
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