Published: Nov. 11, 2010
Updated: Oct. 27, 2011
Hip arthritis is a condition in which there is loss of cartilage on the head of the thigh bone and of the socket of the pelvis where the thigh bone fits into the joint.
Hip arthritis may be caused by many factors, including simple wear and tear, inflammatory disorders such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, infections, or injury.
Hip arthritis typically occurs in middle aged or elderly patients, though body weight, activity level, and one's unique structure of the hip joint are also factors. Hip arthritis also runs in families, so some patients are genetically predisposed to the condition.
Symptoms of hip arthritis include:
If you experience these arthritis symptoms regularly, you should speak with your doctor about available hip arthritis treatments.
A physical examination by your doctor, with focus on your pain and range of motion, will help with diagnosis and rule out other possible underlying conditions, including hip bursitis and avascular necrosis.
X-ray imaging also provides insight as to whether there is cartilage loss. X-rays reflective of bone loss show a loss of space between the ball (femoral head) and socket (acetabulum).
Depending on the severity of the symptoms, condition, age, and other factors, hip arthritis may be managed in a number of different ways including any or a combination of the following treatments:
In severe cases of hip arthritis, surgery may be recommended. Common surgical procedures include:
Duke Orthopaedics treats hip arthritis at locations throughout North Carolina, including Raleigh, Durham, Cary, and Chapel Hill.
Watch an educational video about hip joint arthritis.
At Duke Orthopaedics, our doctors offer total hip replacement for patients with advanced hip arthritis. The following video demonstrates this procedure.