Published: Aug. 26, 2011
Updated: Aug. 26, 2011
Lymphomas are diseases in which cancerous cells form in the system that makes lymph (fluid that contains white blood cells that protect the body against infection).
The outlook for patients with lymphoma depends on the type of tumor and whether the tumor has spread outside the lymph nodes (small glands that circulate lymph around the body).
Types of lymphomas:
Symptoms vary depending on the type of cancer. Many of the symptoms of childhood cancers can also be symptoms of other diseases. Be sure to consult your doctor if your child has symptoms that seem unusual for him or her.
Symptoms of lymphoma may include:
In addition to being divided into four stages, non-Hodgkin lymphoma is referred to as low stage (it has not spread outside the area where it began) or high stage (it has spread beyond its original location). The specific stages are:
Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are the standard treatments for many childhood cancers. Your child may receive one or more treatments depending on the stage of the cancer, your child’s general health, and other factors.
Chemotherapy with stem cell transplant may be used to treat some types of lymphomas.