Published: Aug. 22, 2011
Updated: Aug. 22, 2011
Several risk factors can increase the chance of developing gynecologic cancers. Keep in mind that many people with these risk factors will not develop a gynecologic cancer, and many people without any of these risk factors will.
Risk factors vary by the type of gynecologic cancer, though some risk factors increase risk for several types.
The most common risk factor for cervical cancer is high numbers of sexual partners, which increases the likelihood of exposure to HPV.
The main risk factor for uterine cancer is obesity.
Ovarian cancer risk is increased in some families with a history of breast or ovarian cancer because of inherited mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. In addition, women who have not had children, breast fed, or used oral contraceptives are at increased risk.
Additional risk factors include:
Learn more about gynecologic cancer: